Normally one of the first types of investment that investors dabble in outside the world of stocks, shares and pensions. Buy to let property can take many forms, with traditional residential property, student accommodation, hotel room investments and managed holiday resorts among those currently in favour.
A commodity is an everyday product that is essentially the same no matter who you buy it from. There are active trading markets for commodities and a lot of the investor activity focuses on futures contracts, where two parties agree a price for an amount of the product to be sold at a point in the future.
The planet's oil is running out and governments across the world are offering incentives for investment into alternative energy schemes. Biomass, solar power, wind energy and even hydroelectric schemes and amongst the more common, though it's also possible to invest in even more radical energy solutions.
With food shortages inevitably going to affect large sections of the world's population in the future, agricultural land will eventually become a premium asset. Owning the land is one investment opportunity, while investing in crop production is also a route open to investors that are hungry for a long term return.
The economic boom across Asia has led to a rapidly rising demand for all kinds of household products, many of which are made from hardwoods and other timber. Environmental concerns quite rightly demand a sustainable approach to supplying the raw materials required, making forestry plantation a lucrative business.
Investing in media and entertainment funds has become popular in recent years, partly due to the excitement of being involved in what is often a high profile production and partly due to the tax breaks that are can be associated with this type of opportunity, often through the Enterprise Investment Scheme relief.
A new breed of investment in science and technology solutions is currently enjoying a wave of popularity amongst investors. Whether it is medical sciences, mobile technology or new materials for industrial use , all kinds of tech businesses are raising funds both directly from investors and via the many new crowd sourcing platforms.
There are now many platforms that allow investors to take on the role of a trader in financial products, the most common of which are foreign exchange and binary options. There are also many different types of funding opportunities, that allow investors to pool their money with other investors in order to finance a business or investment vehicle.
There are a large number of regulated investments that can only be offered by companies authorised to market that type of opportunity in the country where they are located. The marketing activity is usually subject to a higher degree of compliance, which in theory should offer investors a higher level of security.